What Causes The Most Common Types Of Urinary Incontinence?
Causes of Stress Incontinence
- Weak or damaged pelvic floor muscles
- A person’s urethral sphincter has been damaged
- If a person experiences any sudden extra pressure on their bladder, for example, laughing, sneezing etc can cause leakage in the urethra due to lack of strength. Loss of strength in a person’s urethra can often be caused by:
- Any nerve damage as a result of giving birth
- If a person has an increased amount of pressure on their stomach, e.g. pregnancy or being overweight
- If a woman has a lack of the hormone oestrogen (most likely for those going through menopause)
- Taking certain medications – check the instructions to see what the possible side effects are
Causes of Urge Incontinence
- neurological conditions and diseases that have a direct affect on the brain and spinal cord, for example, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis etc.
- Any existing condition that affects the urethra and bladder; tumours in the bladder and/or urinary tract infections.
- drinking too much alcohol or caffeine
- certain medications
Causes of Overflow Incontinence
- Men who have an enlarged prostate gland
- Bladder stones
- Having constipation problems